This document outlines finance and accounting practices of Hypha Worker Co-operative, including:
- List of accounts at our financial institutions
- Client invoicing and accepted payment methods
- Member payroll and expense reimbursements
- Tools and procedures for bookkeeping, accounting, and tax remittances
- Financial Accounts
- Invoicing Clients
- Member Payroll
- Reporting & Remitting Taxes
- Financial institution: Desjardins
- Account type: business chequing
- Payment requirements from account:
<= CAD$200: sign-off by one signing member in the Finance WG
> CAD$200: sign-off by two signing members in the Finance WG
Hypha is expected to conduct business with clients from other countries and is ready to accept funds in CAD, USD, EUR, and GBP. We use TransferWise to minimize transaction and currency exchange fees. Our TransferWise account has local accounts in Canada, United States, Europe, and the United Kingdom, so we can bill clients as a local financial institution in their local currency. Our TransferWise account does not require multiple signatures, and the Finance WG is responsible for transferring money into our main Desjardins account when accumulated funds exceed a CAD 10,000 threshold, or earlier as deemed appropriate.
Hypha charges clients on a sliding scale, and projects may be billed hourly, weekly, monthly, or per project, depending on the specifics of each project. The recommended practice is to send an invoice every month, or a quote if the amount for the month is small and at the discretion of the project.
In cases where an invoice is not collected in time for payroll, or failed to be collected altogether, this is treated as a cost to the Co-operative and we strongly advocate that this not affect the timely payroll to the Member.
In order to create invoices and to collect payments, there are three general steps that need to be performed in order.
For clients with billing models that require tracked work hours, Clockify is used to generate timesheets for determining the invoice amount each period, and often for calculating Member wages.
These timesheets are archived in our shared drive under the
Timesheets directory and may be attached to invoices at client request.
Refer to the guides for Timesheets to generate and archive your project timesheets.
Refer to the guides for Invoices and generate an invoice in Quickbooks Online based on the project pricing structure (e.g. timesheet hours and project rate) and payment information.
In general, the client is responsible for paying applicable HST and transaction costs charged by their financial institution, and Hypha pays the cost of receiving the payment (e.g. cost of receiving a wire). Invoices are sent to clients and are preferably due 2 weeks after the invoice date (i.e. Net 15), after which a late fee may be charged for each additional week.
After client payments are collected at our Desjardins or TransferWise accounts, we need to:
- Move money to the appropriate accounts at our financial institutions
- Record exchange rates and transaction costs
- Update our bookkeeping records in Quickbooks Online
- Finalize and archive invoices
Refer to the guides for Invoices to handle the settling of payments with someone from the Finance WG.
Member wages are paid on the pay day, which is the 15th of each month or the last working day prior if the 15th happens to land on a holiday. A Member's wage is calculated based on the billable hours of work rendered up to the end of the previous month. For example:
The March 15 pay day covers the "pay period" of February, and it pays for the work rendered throughout the month of February.
Before the 7th of each month, Members must submit payroll information to the Employee Payroll sheet in order to be paid for the pay period covering the previous month.
All wages, expense reimbursements, and withheld taxes are managed by the Payroll Coordinator using Wagepoint and Quickbooks Online, which are linked to our main Desjardins account.
Each Member's wage for a pay period is calculated based on the projects and roles they participate in, and it usually varies from month to month.
Pay from billable project work will have a percent-based portion (the "clip") deducted from it to fund administrative costs and collective programs of the Co-operative. Collective programs, current and prospective, include:
- Vacation pay
- Public holiday pay
- CPP & EI employer contributions
- Member health benefits (future)
- Solidarity projects fund (future)
- Member & co-op development fund (future)
- Reserve fund (future)
- Other collective expenses of the Co-operative
The regular pay of a Member is calculated with:
REGULAR_PAY = (1 - CLIP) * BILLED_AMOUNT (before transaction costs)
The clip is currently set at 25% and is the same across all projects over a period, but can be revised as necessary by consensus.
In addition to the regular pay, Members are entitled to:
- 5% public holiday pay based on the regular pay amount
- 4% vacation pay based on the regular + public holiday pay amount
- CPP & EI employer contributions
These annualized amounts are calculated and included for each pay period. You can use the Wage Calculator to determine these amounts.
After tax withholdings and other applicable deductions (e.g. CPP & EI employee contributions), the net amount is electronically transferred to the Member's bank account on pay day using Wagepoint. Refer to the guides for Payroll to set up the payroll run for each pay period.
Member expenses eligible for reimbursement should be submitted to the Expense Reimbursement sheet and receipts uploaded to Employee Expense Receipts in the same quarter they are incurred. Reimbursements are paid out with wages on the next pay day, but do not appear on tax forms.
Follow the guides for Expense Reimbursement to submit an eligible expense.
The Co-operative recommends Members to not work on a public holiday, but in the case where Members voluntarily chooses to, or under special circumstances, they will receive regular wages with "substitute time off", and there should be no expectation of "public holiday plus premium pay". Since Members have variable hours of work per period, and a 5% annualized public holiday pay is included in Member wages in every pay period, Members are already adequately compensated for any "substitute time off". Therefore, wages for work performed on public holidays are calculated without "premium pay", and this policy is compliant with the Employment Standards Act of Ontario.
Hypha has the following program accounts with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA):
RC0001Corporate Income Tax (RC) is filed/reported and remitted/paid each tax year
RP0001Payroll Deduction (RP) is reported and paid each pay period
RT0001GST/HST (RT) is reported and paid each quarter
Hypha is incorporated as a non-share capital worker co-operative under the Ontario Co-operative Corporations Act, and is organizationally a non-profit. For income tax purposes, Hypha is a non-profit organization under the Canadian Income Tax Act. Net assets are put into funds restricted for a particular purpose in accordance with our organizational mission, and our balance sheets show zero retained earnings/profit.
At each fiscal year-end, set on June 30, the Finance WG works with our accountant and bookkeeper to file our annual corporation income tax return, even though we pay no corporate income tax as a non-profit organization.
Wage deductions and remittances are handled through Wagepoint on their non-accelerated remittance schedule. If any pay period is skipped, a nil remittance is manually filed to CRA directly.
At the end of each year, Hypha issues a T4 to each employee and a T4A to each contractor to support personal income tax filings, and reports to CRA accordingly. This is also handled using Wagepoint.
The GST/HST Information for Non-Profit Organizations applies to Hypha for GST/HST purposes. We started collecting GST/HST as of May 15, 2020 with a quarterly reporting period and our fiscal year end date for GST/HST return on June 30.
Much of our digital services (e.g. software development, system administration, design) for international clients (outside of Canada) are GST/HST zero-rated as they are classified as exported goods and services. This is different from GST/HST exempt because zero-rated items are still eligible for Input Tax Credit (ITC) on related expenditures. This is described under Intangible personal property and Excise Tax Act section 10 of Part V of Schedule VI.
Whether we will charge and claim GST/HST is dependent on a few factors. Here are some likely scenarios that may apply to Hypha projects:
Hypha provides IT consultation and software development service to a Canadian client and subcontracts a Canadian web developer, spends $100 on web hosting and $1,000 on a laptop to help us fulfill the contract.
- We will charge 13% HST when invoicing the Canadian client
- The Canadian subcontractor:
- if incorporated (e.g. a company), may charge us 13% HST when invoicing us, which we can reclaim as ITC
- if unincorporated (e.g. a person), has no GST/HST implications as we will add them to payroll and issue a T4A at the end of the year
- We are eligible to reclaim the 13% HST of $100 paid to acquire web hosting as ITC
- We are eligible to reclaim the 13% HST of $1,000 paid to acquire the laptop as ITC
i. Same scenario, but the client is a non-Canadian company.
- We will charge no HST when invoicing the client, and mark as zero-rated on the invoice since the service is considered intellectual property exports
- The Canadian subcontractor may charge us 13% HST when invoicing us, which we can still reclaim as ITC
- We are still eligible for all ITC claims as above
ii. Same scenario, but the subcontractor is a non-resident of Canada and the service is rendered outside the country.
- The international subcontractor, incorporated or unincorporated, will charge us no GST/HST when invoicing us (Hypha can pay the invoice via TransferWise in a supported currency of their preference), there is no ITC claim on the payment
- We are still eligible for all other ITC claims as above
iii. Same scenario, but the subcontractor is a non-resident of Canada and the service is rendered inside the country.
- Hypha needs to open a non-resident tax withholding account with CRA and remit 25% of the gross payment as withholding tax, and handle applicable end of year filings
Hypha receives a grant from a private company to facilitate a free digital security workshop that is open to public, and spends $100 on materials.
- HST does not apply, and we do not need to collect or remit GST/HST on the grant amount
- The $100 materials is not eligible as ITC because the grant is GST/HST exempt (different from zero-rated)
i. Same scenario, but the workshop has a registration fee collected by the client, and is not open to public.
- We need to charge 13% HST when invoicing the client, this is no longer a "grant"
- We are eligible to reclaim the 13% HST of $100 materials as ITC
If none of these scenarios apply to your situation, and you are unsure whether to charge GST/HST on an invoice, or whether an expense is eligible as ITC, please reach out to the Finance WG.